Four Noble Truths
Suffering arises from attachment to desires
Suffering ceases when attachment to desires ceases
Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing Eightfold Path
The Eightfold Path
The noble Eightfold Path describes
the way to the end of suffering, as it was explained by Siddhartha Gautma. It is a guideline to ethical and mental development
with the goal of freeing the individual from attachments. This path leads to the understanding of the truth about all things.
There are eight steps, all equally important in this path. These include: right view, right thought, right speech, right,
action, right livelihood, effort, right, midfulness, contemplation. These steps are divided into qualities including: wisdom,
morality, and meditation.
|Follower of Bhuddism
Theravada is practiced in Shri Lanka, Cambodia, Loas, Burma, and Thailand
and follows strictly the teachings of Vinaya Pitaka. Theravada teaches that Bhudda was a very special perosn, but still human
like everyone else and "there is no reality corresponding to the concept of God that we can rely on for salvation." The monastic
sangha (assembly) is very important in this particular practice. It also helps work towards realizaton and enlightment, which
are important concepts of Buddhism. Theravada monks preserve and spread the Bhuddist teachings to others. The practice of
Theravada is also very individualistic and its main virtue is wisdom. The perfect example for Theravade is Arahant (saint).
People who practice this religion see Buddha as a saint.
Mahayana became popular when Buddhists began to move
out of India and was closely related to Theraveda. It stresses compassion for all sentient beings and universal salvation.
Mahayana Buddhism was adjusted and changed to fit the religious expectations and ideas of people. People who followed this
path put an end to considering monks as the only privileged. The Mahayan interpreted Buddha and his teachings as a godlike
figure; he was a divine being of nature and transcendence. A sacred Buddhist piece of Buddhist writing called the Lotus Sutra
says that there are numerous Buddha saving people. Many people could reach Buddha hood based upon their compassion, ethics,
and enlightment. One may also become a Bodhisattva who helps others. Mahayana tells of a Buddha land that Buddhists go to
after death. Mahayana beliefs and values are from various scriptures. The two most important points in Mahayana include: Madhyamaka
and Yogachara. Madhymaka teaches the emptiness of all things that nothing is anything in or by itself but only in relation
to others. Yogachara explains that all things are consciousness only.