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Buddhism

       Bhuddism is a unique religion that follows the teachings of Bhudda. Bhudda means "one who is awake" and this particular religion had no idea of worshipping a creator God. Bhudda, the founder of Bhuddism was born as Siddhartha Gautama in Nepal about 2,500 years ago. The religion originated in 500 B.C in India. Siddhartha did not claim to be a god or prophet. He was a person who became enhanced and enlightened by understanding life to its fullest. Bhuddism provides a path to reach a deeper understanding of the nature of reality. It offers practical way to connect with others and life. There are many varieties of Buddhism, but the two main types include" Theravada/Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhism.

 

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Meditating is an essential part of Buddhism


Four Noble Truths
 
  1. Suffering exists
  2. Suffering arises from attachment to desires
  3. Suffering ceases when attachment to desires ceases
  4. Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing Eightfold Path

The Eightfold Path
 
          The noble Eightfold Path describes the way to the end of suffering, as it was explained by Siddhartha Gautma. It is a guideline to ethical and mental development with the goal of freeing the individual from attachments. This path leads to the understanding of the truth about all things. There are eight steps, all equally important in this path. These include: right view, right thought, right speech, right, action, right livelihood, effort, right, midfulness, contemplation. These steps are divided into qualities including: wisdom, morality, and meditation.

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Follower of Bhuddism

                    Theravada

           Theravada is practiced in Shri Lanka, Cambodia, Loas, Burma, and Thailand and follows strictly the teachings of Vinaya Pitaka. Theravada teaches that Bhudda was a very special perosn, but still human like everyone else and "there is no reality corresponding to the concept of God that we can rely on for salvation." The monastic sangha (assembly) is very important in this particular practice. It also helps work towards realizaton and enlightment, which are important concepts of Buddhism. Theravada monks preserve and spread the Bhuddist teachings to others. The practice of Theravada is also very individualistic and its main virtue is wisdom. The perfect example for Theravade is Arahant (saint). People who practice this religion see Buddha as a saint.

 

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Theravada Sangha

                Mahayana

       Mahayana became popular when Buddhists began to move out of India and was closely related to Theraveda.  It stresses compassion for all sentient beings and universal salvation. Mahayana Buddhism was adjusted and changed to fit the religious expectations and ideas of people. People who followed this path put an end to considering monks as the only privileged. The Mahayan interpreted Buddha and his teachings as a godlike figure; he was a divine being of nature and transcendence. A sacred Buddhist piece of Buddhist writing called the Lotus Sutra says that there are numerous Buddha saving people. Many people could reach Buddha hood based upon their compassion, ethics, and enlightment. One may also become a Bodhisattva who helps others. Mahayana tells of a Buddha land that Buddhists go to after death. Mahayana beliefs and values are from various scriptures. The two most important points in Mahayana include: Madhyamaka and Yogachara. Madhymaka teaches the emptiness of all things that nothing is anything in or by itself but only in relation to others. Yogachara explains that all things are consciousness only.